President: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Prime Minister: António Costa
Land area: 35,382 sq mi (91,639 sq km); total area: 35,672 sq mi (92,391 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 10,813,834 (growth rate: 0.12%); birth rate: 9.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.48/1000; life expectancy: 79.01
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Lisbon, 2.843 million
Other large city: Porto, 1.367 million (2011)
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly escudo)
Weather: Maritime temperate; cold and rainy on the north coast, warm and dry on the south coast.
Terrain: Mountainous north of the Tagus river, rolling plains in the south.